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WHAT ARE BRANCHED-CHAIN AMINO ACIDS (BCAAS)?
Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine, branched-chain amino acids, are essential amino acids, and must be supplied by dietary protein or through supplementation. They make up 40% of human essential daily amino acids equirements and are necessary for protein synthesis, as well as the synthesis of tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates, ketone bodies, and fat, and the metabolism and synthesis of glutamate, glutamine and alanine. There is high activity of these amino acids in muscle tissue, liver and kidneys. They have an anabolic and anticatabolic effect on muscles, and are beneficial to athletes, as well as those who have conditions that can cause muscle catabolism. Therefore, branched-chain amino acids, along with L-Glutamine, are also recommended for post-surgical patients, as well as bed-ridden patients and those with muscle wasting conditions.
BCAAS AND ATHLETIC REQUIRMENTS
• Research indicates that athletes with high endurance exercise regimens, as well as body builders, have increased protein requirements. A sedentary person requires 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight, whereas athletes who are striving to increase muscle mass require 1.4 to 1.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. Body builders at peak muscle mass production increase their needs to 2.0 as well as adolescent athletes involved in high intensity physical activity. Increased requirements for branched-chain amino acids compose a significant proportion of the additional protein needs. Whereas dietary means can supply protein, to obtain optimal anabolic results, supplementation with the branched-chain amino acids, along with L-Glutamine, will provide the necessary amino acids that are required for skeletal muscle synthesis. For, dancers, gymnasts, and runners who have restricted caloric needs but increased protein requirements, supplementation is a good choice to help provide these essential nutrients.
• Exercise and strong athletic activities increase protein degradation. Studies indicate that supplementation of branched-chain amino acids during exercise decreases this degradation. They may help improve performance, and aid in the recovery and repair after intense athletic activity. Augmenting with branched-chain amino acids supplementation has been shown to increase overall body protein synthesis and enhance skeletal muscle. It is suggested that athletes and body builders take the branched-chain amino acids and L-Glutamine, prior to and after the athletic workout or activity.
L- Isoleucine, an essential amino acid and one of the branched-chain amino acids, is necessary for the formation of hemoglobins, as well as helping to stabilize blood sugar and energy levels. Low levels have been noted in hose with obesity, chronic wasting diseases and chronic fatigue syndrome. Some dietary sources include nuts, such as almonds and cashews, as well as chicken, liver, fish and soy. It should be taken along with L-Leucine and L-Valine.
L- Leucine, one of the three amino acids referred to as branched-chain amino acids, is found in the dietary sources including brown rice, beans, meat, nuts, whole wheat and soy flour. It is involved in muscle synthesis, as well s
protecting muscles and helping to promote the healing of muscle tissue as well as bone and skin tissue. It may help lower elevated blood sugar levels, and is involved in increasing hormone production. Low levels have been oted in those with chronic wasting diseases and chronic fatigue syndrome. L- Leucine, along with the other branched –chain amino acids are recommended to help promote healing in surgical patients, and it should be taken along with LIsoleucine and L-Valine.
The food source of L-Valine is dairy products, meat, peanuts, soy protein and mushrooms. L-Valine is found in high concentrations in muscle tissue, and as one of the branched-chain amino acids, it provides an energy source or
muscle tissue and is necessary for muscle metabolism, as well as tissue repair. Drug addiction depletes amino acids causing a deficiency that can be aided by L-Valine. Low levels have been noted in those with chronic wasting diseases, obesity and chronic fatigue syndrome. It should be taken with L-Leucine and L-Isoleucine.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These products are not meant to diagnose, treat or cure any disease or medical condition. Please consult your doctor before starting any exercise or nutritional supplement program or before using these or any product during pregnancy or if you have a serious medical condition.